Personnel Today sought out the opinions from employment experts covering pensions, immigration and employment policy.
Migrate UK’s managing director was asked for his opinion in regard to immigration.
Immigration and skills concerns as Brexit draws nearer
“We do now need greater clarity from the newly elected Conservative Party on the UK’s immigration policy. Back in September, the Conservative home secretary asked the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) to review how an Australian-style points-based (PBS) immigration system could be introduced in Britain to strengthen the UK labour market. But we’re still no clearer on how this new system would work in practice in the UK, and how this fits with the MAC’s much anticipated white paper review into minimum salary thresholds.
The new immigration system is also meant to be ‘fairer and more compassionate’, although the Conservative’s election manifesto stated that the immigration health surcharge will increase to as much as £800 per person per year, implying further increases from the £625 previously announced.
EU nationals’ access to benefits and housing will also be limited in line with non-EU migrants, while there has been much criticism of the new EU Settlement Scheme which was ignored by the Conservative Party’s election manifesto. The settlement application system will turn legally residing EU citizens into ‘illegal immigrants’ if they do not apply successfully by the 31 December 2020 deadline.
The new Conservative government should look to introduce a declaratory registration system through an Act of Parliament that would confer automatic rights to EU citizens currently residing in the UK to continue to live and work in the UK after Brexit. Hopefully this is something the Conservative Party will now consider so we don’t see scenarios similar to those with the Windrush scandal”.
As of 31 October 2019, more than 1.9 million applications to the EU Settlement Scheme that have been determined. Of these, 60% were granted settled status, 40% were granted pre-settled status and four applications were refused on suitability grounds. An incorrect decision could impact the terms by which EU nationals and their family members are able to reside and access services in the UK after Brexit.
If a decision grants pre-settled status instead of settled status due to a caseworker error or an application is refused on eligibility grounds, the initial decision can be reviewed by a different official, but within the same department. This administrative review is the primary form of redress available for EU Settlement Scheme applicants if they believe they have received an incorrect decision.
administrative review is not available against a decision where an application
is refused on suitability grounds. In this case an application can be refused
due to serious or persistent offending, non-exercise or misuse of rights in the
Citizens Directive (Directive 2004/38) or where the applicant has provided
false or misleading information in the application.
As opposed to other administrative review systems run by the Home Office, an administrative review allows individuals to submit further evidence, which will then be considered alongside their original application.
Statistics on administrative reviews for the EU Settlement Scheme show that 451 requests have been received as of 12 September 2019. This figure does appear to be relatively low in relation to the 885,000 decisions which may be eligible for challenge.
The statistics published reveal that 89.5% of decisions reviewed were overturned. Whilst this does imply that the automated data checks and initial decision makers are frequently making mistakes, the high success rate could suggest that the administrative reviews are working efficiently. However, the reconsidered decision could be attributed to the opportunity to introduce new evidence for the reviewer to consider. Therefore, it is possible the Home Office was accurate in the initial decision, but new evidence has led to that decision being overturned on review. This raises the concern that the initial application process does not inform applicants of the facility to submit supplementary evidence and the types of evidence required for the scheme.
With a general election coming up on the 12th of December 2019, voters must decide which political party’s manifesto serves their country’s best interest.
for months by Boris Johnson and the Tories, the key policy aim of a
future Conservative government is to introduce a ‘firmer and
fairer’ Australian-style points-based immigration system, which will prioritise
have a good command of English
have no criminal convictions
are highly qualified
The manifesto also confirms that, under this system, most people will still need a job offer to come to the UK. This indicates that the new points-based system will not replace the existing Tier 2 employer sponsorship system, but it will be an additional system to this.
The proposals feature new immigration routes to fill skills shortages, such as the post study work visa for graduates, the NHS visa, the science and technology visa and the Start-up visa.
to move away from specific net migration targets, the manifesto states that
overall ‘numbers will come down’ and promises fewer low-skilled workers in the
UK. Hence, there is unlikely to be much improvement on the visa options
provided in the immigration white paper.
The new immigration system is meant to be ‘fairer and more compassionate’, although the manifesto states that the immigration health surcharge will increase to as high as £800 per person per year, implying further increases from the £625 announced previously.
EU nationals’ access to benefits and housingwill also be limitedin line with non-EU migrants.
this mean for the UK’s immigration system?
The EU Settlement Scheme has been created by secondary legislation, which unlike an Act of Parliament, can be easily changed over time. The application system will turn legally residing EU citizens into “illegal immigrants” if they do not apply successfully by the deadline, leading to scenarios similar to those seen with the Windrush scandal. EU Citizens would have no right to reside, to work, to rent, to get benefits or access free healthcare.
The solution is
to introduce a declaratory registration system through an Act of Parliament
which would confer automatic rights to EU citizens currently residing in the UK
to continue to live and work in the UK after Brexit.
immigration policy seems to be a promise to bring back a number of old visa
routes, some of which were closed by the party as they were considered flawed
and did not fulfil the aim of ‘attracting the brightest and the best’ to the
UK. The fact that these have been presented as new ideas makes one hope that
the criteria are different to avoid past mistakes.
movement ends immigration from non-EU countries will have to significantly
increase to ensure public services and industries can still be adequately
The Labour Party launched its election manifesto with a promise to maintain freedom of movement, whether the UK leaves the EU or not.
The leader of the party, Jeremy Corbyn says they will seek to secure ‘a sensible deal’ to leave the EU within three months of coming to power and then put that deal to a public vote with the option of a legally binding referendum on remaining in the EU.
EU nationalsin the UK would be granted an automatic right to continue living and working in the country without having to apply under the government’s EU Settlement Scheme.
The promise for
non-EU migration is to introduce a ‘human’ migration system that meets the
skills and labour needs of the UK economy. It would extend family reunion
rights to non-EU citizens and close two major immigration removal centres.
this mean for the UK’s immigration system?
to maintain and extend free movement rights has been diluted and the end result
is no clear vision of what a future immigration system under a Labour
government will look like.
criticises the Conservative net migration target and suggests a regulated
labour market where “all workers have full and equal rights from day one”. But
there is a lack of concrete proposals for what a future immigration system
post-Brexit would look like and how industries in particular can continue to
source the work they need.
“our work visa system must fill any skills or labour shortages that arise” is
not particularly illuminating. It seems to suggest that Labour have adopted the
Conservative’s idea of an Australian points-based system and have potentially
missed an opportunity to seize and reframe the immigration debate at a critical
The Liberal Democrats want to stop Brexitand save EU freedom of movement.
They are pledging to scrap right to rent checks, banking checks and upfront charging in the NHS.
It has also been
said that they will get rid of “immigration checks” in the NHS, although it’s
unclear if that means there will be no charging at all. Under a Liberal
Democrat government illegal working will no longer be a criminal offence. But
the party is silent on the employer right to work checks that came in under
Their plan is to invest in officers, training and technology to prevent illegal entry at Britain’s borders, assist seekers of sanctuary, combat human trafficking and the smuggling of people, weapons, drugs and wildlife.
The party wants to create a “firewall” to prevent public agencies from sharing personal information with the Home Office for the purposes of immigration enforcement and repeal the immigration exemption in the Data Protection Act 2018. They also plan to introduce a 28-day time limit for detention and close all but two detention centres. The fee for registering a child as a British Citizen is to be reduced from £1,012 to the cost of administration and there is to be a new route to regularisation for people who came to the UK as children.
Asylum seekers will have the right to work after three months and receive free English lessons. There will be no 16-hour rule around financial support for those with poor English and the party will provide more money for integration work in the community. The move on period for newly recognised refugees having to leave asylum accommodation is to be increased from 28 to 60 days.
Democrats will fund community sponsorship schemes for refugees and aim to
resettle 10,000 vulnerable adults and 10,000 child refugees from elsewhere in
Europe over ten years.
They propose moving policymaking on work permits and student visas out of the Home Office and into the Departments for Business and Education. Their promise is to create a “flexible merit-based system” instead of Tier 2 and have committed to a 2-year post study visa.
income requirement for spouse and partner visas is to be scrapped.
missing from the Liberal Democrat manifesto?
prevent public agencies from sharing personal data with the Home Office, stop
exploitation and hostility without decriminalising migration. In order to
address racism and exclusion built into the system all fees for child
applicants should be removed.
commitment of refugees does not engage with the reality of the UK’s obligations.
while all parties are lacking vision for the future, there is a clear
commitment from the Liberal Democrats to substantially reform the immigration
system we have now.
On the 1st of December 2019 Home Secretary Priti Patel announced her plan to introduce a new Electronic Travel Authorisation system (ETA). EU and Commonwealth visitors will need to apply for new US-style visas to enter the UK after Brexit.
The aim is to make it easier for border officials to screen arrivals based on pre-arrival data provided; count visitors into and out of the UK and to block potential threats from entering the UK. The Home Office will know how many people are in the country and who is overstaying their visa.
EU citizens will no longer be permitted to use ID cards to enter the UK after a no deal Brexit, preventing criminals and illegal immigrants using fake documents. The EU ID cards, as travel documents, will be phased out by the end of 2020, requiring passports to be presented at UK borders. According to the EU border agency, Frontex, more than 7,000 people were detected trying to enter the bloc using fraudulent documents in 2016 – with most found trying to get into the UK.
After 31 December 2020 EU citizens will be able to evidence their right to work (or rent) in the UK using their passport or their digital status granted under the EU Settlement Scheme or under the European Temporary Leave to Remain Scheme.
In the light of the new proposals, EU citizens planning to travel to the UK who do not currently hold a passport are advised to apply for one as soon as possible.
Conservative Party plans include bringing in new powers to stop EU criminals at the border once the UK is no longer subject to freedom of movement rules. At present, under EU law, previous criminal convictions do not in themselves count as a reason to deny entry to or deport someone.
In regard to customs and border controls, future plans include risk-based, largely automated analysis of consignments entering the UK. There will be a mandatory collection of information on goods before they cross the border.