The Brexit countdown has started. Here are 3 things EU citizens can do to secure their right to live and work in the UK


29 March 2017 will go down in history as the day Britain officially announced its resignation from the European Union by triggering Article 50. But why is this date so significant?

29 March marks the beginning of the end of a 44-year long relationship with the European Union. 29 March marks the beginning of a new era of politics for both Britain and the EU.

While there are countless topics that Britain and the EU must discuss during divorce proceedings such as trade, policing and intelligence, an issue on the minds of all EU citizens is whether or not their residency rights will be guaranteed as part and parcel of UK-EU negotiations.

So with all this in mind, a minority government and a lack of clarity on negotiation strategy, what can EU citizens do to secure their right to live and work in the UK?

  1. Apply for a Registration Certificate

Those EU citizens who have not been in the UK exercising their treaty rights for a minimum of 5 years (i.e. working, studying or being self-sufficient) can apply for a Registration Certificate. Whilst a Registration Certificate is not a mandatory requirement to prove your residency status in the UK, it can assist with demonstrating that you were in the country prior to any official Brexit dates. Should any issues arise in the future, you will have an element of immunity and be able to prove that you have not entered the UK recently, thus, fortifying your case to stay in the country regardless of future events.

  1. Apply for Permanent Residence – EEA(PR)

If you are an EU national, you have been residing in the UK for a minimum of 5 years and you have been exercising your treaty rights (i.e. working, studying, being a registered job-seeker or a self-sufficient individual), then you may be eligible to appresidly for EEA(PR). There are a few caveats however, including  the requirement to have held Comprehensive Sickness Insurance (CSI) if you were either a student or a self-sufficient person. This also includes those individuals who have not been a registered job seeker during periods of unemployment. Permanent Residence will secure your right to live and work in the UK in the event of a hard Brexit and will guarantee your right to remain in the country regardless of negotiation outcomes.

  1. Apply for Naturalisation as a British Citizen

Unless you are married to a British citizen, those EU citizens who have held Permanent Residence for at least 12 months can apply to naturalise as a British citizen. To naturalise, you must be a person of good character (i.e. not having a serious or recent criminal record) and in most circumstances, need to meet the English language requirement, complete the Life in the UK Test and must have lived in the UK for at least 5 years before the date of your application. You must have also not spent more than 450 days outside of those 5 consecutive years and no more than 90 days in the last 12 months. Becoming a British citizen would enable EU citizens to vote in all future UK elections and referendums as well as secure their right of abode in the country.

Currently, none of the above recommendations are mandatory but if like many other EU citizens, you do not feel at ease with the current lack of clarity and worry about your residency rights, we recommend that you consider looking into the above options.

Sponsors Beware! Immigration Rule Changes Lie Ahead

EAfter much anticipation, yesterday on the 16th March, the Home Office released a Statement of Changes to the Immigration Rules. These changes will predominantly affect those applications using a Certificate of Sponsorship once the changes are implemented on the 6th April 2017.

Below, we have highlighted some of the main changes that are about to take place.

Immigration Skills Charge

  • As of the 6th April 2017, an Immigration Skills Charge (ISC) of £364 will apply to small and charitable organisations in all Tier 2 categories. All other sponsors with workers in Tier 2 categories will need to pay £1000 per worker per annum.
  • Some exemptions to the ISC will apply for Intra-company Transfer Graduate Trainees, PhD level roles and those individuals switching from Tier 4 to Tier 2 within the United Kingdom.

Overseas Criminal Record Certificates

  • The requirement to present an overseas criminal record certificate will be extended to Tier 2 (General) applicants working in health and social care as well as education. This will also apply to the applicant’s adult dependant(s).
  • Some of the occupation classification codes include 2213 – Pharmacists, 2442 Social Workers and 2312 – Further education teaching professionals.
  • Partners wishing to join their Tier 2 (General) partner in the UK will also need to present a criminal record certificate if they are applying from outside of the UK and their partner works in any of the mentioned sectors. Please refer to the Standard Occupation Classification codes for more information.

Immigration Health Surcharge

  • The Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS) has already been introduced as of 2015 and applies to those non-EEA individuals who wish to work, study or join their family in the UK.
  • Currently, those individuals applying under the Tier 2 (Intra-company Transfer) category, are exempt from paying the IHS. However, as of 6th April 2017, the Intra-company Transfer category will no longer be exempt from the IHS. Applicants will be required to pay a surcharge of £200 per individual per annum. Dependants will also need to pay this.

Further Changes to the Tier 2 Category

  • High-earners’ salary requirement for the Intra-company Transfer Long Term Staff category will be reduced from £155,300 to £120,000. High earners will be able to stay in the UK under this category for a maximum of nine years compared to the usual five years.
  • The Tier 2 (Intra-company Transfer) Short Term Staff category will be closed to streamline the process, thus, the salary threshold will be £41,500.
  • The minimum salary that sponsors are able to offer Tier 2 (General) experience workers will be increased from £25,000 to £30,000. There will be some exemptions to roles in the education and health sectors until 1st July 2019.
  • Teachers in secondary schools within mandarin and computer science will be added to the Shortage Occupation list.
  • Those individuals with a salary of at least £73,900 in the Intra-company Transfer category will not be required to have at least one year’s experience of working for the sponsor’s overseas entity.
  • A waiver will be introduced for the Resident Labour Market Test, as well as an exemption from the Tier 2 (General) limit for posts supporting the relocation of high value businesses to the UK.
  • There will be annual updates to the appropriate salary rates in the codes of practice.

Changes for Overstayers in the UK

  • The period of overstaying in the UK which is allowed prior to a re-entry ban will be reduced threefold from 90 days to 30. This marks a significant change for overstayers. Unless exclusions apply, any individual who has overstayed for more than 30 days will face a 12 month re-entry ban.

With all of these changes in mind, Migrate UK suggests that sponsors get their house in order prior to the implementation of the new rules or they could risk facing refusal. Sponsors must also ensure that they have the mechanisms in place to be able to pay for the extra charges come April. Of significant note is the news that the Immigration Skills Charge will need to be paid for by debit or credit card only.

The above changes suggest that the government is taking a hardline approach towards Tier 2, while still trying to appeal to shortage occupation and high-value workers. How effective this will be remains to be seen.

Immigration Skills Charge to be Combined with Certificate of Sponsorship Payment


This morning, surprising news came in the form of an addendum on the Immigration Skills Charge (ISC) by the Home Office.

As of 6th April 2017, the Immigration Skills Charge will need to be paid for at the same time as the Certificate of Sponsorship (CoS) payment. Once implemented, the skills charge will apply to all Tier 2 sponsors sponsoring non-EEA employees under both the Tier 2 (Intra-company Transfer) and Tier 2 (General) sub-categories. Please note there will be exemptions, including those who are in the UK prior to April 6th, Tier 2 (Intra-company Transfer) graduate trainees, workers with a specific PhD level occupation and Tier 4 student visa holders in the UK switching to Tier 2 (General).

This will come as a shock to many sponsors who were previously able to buy time in relation to paying additional Home Office fees after issuing the CoS. As of April 2017, sponsors could end up paying thousands of pounds from the outset of the application process. For example, if an employee is sponsoring a Tier 2 worker for 3 years, once the CoS is completed the sponsor will need to pay £199 plus the Immigration Skills Charge for 3 years which is £3000 (£1000 per year), making a grand total of £3199. These costs do not include the additional Immigration Health Surcharge as well as the application fee itself.

Migrate UK’s advice to current sponsors would be to get you applications in early before the cut-off date to save thousands of pounds and plan for these changes.

 It can be argued that these extra charges are a government attempt to reduce net migration figures, however, with a skills shortage in sectors such as healthcare and IT, it will be interesting to see what approach the government takes towards balancing net-migration and a skills gap.

Medical and Teaching Professionals to be Affected by Important Changes as of April 2017

Female hand writing on paper

Sponsors may be surprised to know that as of 6 April 2017, they will need to ensure that those employees applying to work in the UK under particular SOC codes, have checked whether they are subject to a new requirement to produce a criminal record certificate as stipulated under Paragraph 320(2A) of the Immigration Rules. This applies to individuals who are aged 18 and above and are applying from any country in which they have been residing for 12 months or over, consequently or cumulatively in the past 10 years.

As of January 2017, sponsors are advised by the Home Office to begin informing possible employees of such changes from the time they assign their Certificate of Sponsorship that they could be subject to the new requirements by the time they make their application. This will give prospective employees enough time to begin requesting certificates. Affected SOC codes (at present) are predominantly within medical and teaching professions.

As a warning to all sponsors, Migrate UK recommends that you plan ahead of the changes in April to ensure that employees requiring a criminal record certificate, are not caught out at the last minute.

New English Language Requirement for non-EU Partners and Parents


Being able to speak the English language has long been a requirement for non-EU individuals wishing to join or extend their stay with their settled partner or parent in the UK. As of now, meeting the English language requirement has been straightforward and set at level A1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) for both entry clearance and extension applications.

In January 2016, David Cameron announced that there was an intention to introduce a revised English language requirement, set at level A2 of the CEFR, for both partners and parents wishing to extend their leave under the Family Life Immigration Rules.

The exact date of the new English language requirement had not been set, however, ex UK Prime Minister, Cameron, stated that this requirement would not be implemented prior to October 2016.

Fast-forward to 3 November 2016 (when the A2 English language requirement statement of intent was announced by the Home Office) and it is now certain that the new level A2 requirement for parents and partners extending their existing leave in the UK will be introduced from 1 May 2017.

This will mean that for those individuals who were previously on the cusp of failing their entry clearance English language test, the new requirement may prove too challenging, unless they have since brushed up on their English language skills.

Anticipated Autumn Statement of Changes Announced


After weeks of waiting for the expected Autumn Immigration Rule changes, many will have been left wondering whether the proposed changes were ever going to take place. However, yesterday, the Home Office  announced that the long-awaited changes would come into power on the 24th November 2016.

Some key changes to note include:

  • Increases to the Tier 2 (General) salary threshold to £25,000 for experienced staff. Some exemptions apply.
  • Increases to the Tier 2 (Intra-Company Transfer) salary threshold to £30,000 for short-term staff.
  • Removing the Tier 2 (Intra-Company Transfer) skills transfer sub-category.
  • The Graduate Trainee sub-category will face changes too. There will be a reduction to the salary threshold from £24,800 to £23,000. The number of places a sponsor can use will be increased from 5 to 20 per annum.

The Home Office are yet to confirm a date for the introduction of an Immigration Health Surcharge for the Tier 2 (Intra-Company Transfer) category.

A surprising announcement came in the form of changes for out of time applications. Historically, applications submitted within 28 days of leave expiring, have been accepted by the Home Office. Once the new rules are implemented, out of time applications will fall for refusal unless submitted within 14 days and the reason for overstaying is both strong and out of the applicant’s control.

Illegal working closure notices

As of the 1 December 2016, employers must note that further provisions of the Immigration Act 2016 are due to take place. Should the proposed changes take effect in December, employers must beware that Immigration Officers will have the power to close business premises for a maximum of 48 hours for employers who have committed offences related to immigration. The Home Office will also be able to apply to the court for a compliance order to enforce special measures on the employer to avert illegal working.

The above changes highlight the government’s ever-increasing hardline approach towards immigration and there is no doubt that future amendments will take a similar line.


‘Brexit’ – what does this mean for EU citizens?

Current political uncertainties will be a cause for concern for many individualsBrexit...

With political activity in Britain over the last few days resembling a typhoon, you would be mistaken for thinking that the UK voted to leave the EU over a year ago. Only two weeks back, this pivotal vote was announced.

Since the EU referendum we have seen a Prime Minister resign, MPs furiously racing to become candidates for the top job and EU leaders hastily running to emergency meetings. If that wasn’t enough, the top two candidates for the role of PM, Theresa May and Andrea Leadsom, are promising different things when it comes to protecting the right to remain of EU nationals in the UK.

Home Secretary, Theresa May, has refused to publically state whether EU nationals may be asked to leave the UK, whereas Energy Minister, Andrea Leadsom, has vowed to protect the rights of EU nationals in the UK.

In reality, there is no certainty as to whether protecting the rights of EU nationals is something that can be achieved for definite without Article 50 and, therefore, negotiations being triggered beforehand.

At the moment, everything that politicians, journalists and the general public have been talking about regarding ‘Brexit’ is speculative.

In the meantime, here are a few scenarios that may unfold in the coming years:

A right to remain for qualified persons  

It is likely that those EU nationals currently residing in the UK as qualified persons (workers, job-seekers, students, self-employed and self-sufficient individuals) will have an automatic right to remain provided that they apply for some sort of residency document proving their right to live and work in the United Kingdom. The main concern would be those individuals that are not seen as qualified persons and whether their immigration status would be safe.

An ‘Australian style’ points based system

Whilst we already have a British points based system in place for non-EU citizens, it is likely that a similar, ‘Australian style’ points based system would be applicable to all EU and non-EU citizens wanting to live and work in the UK. If the current points based system is anything to go by, industries such as construction and catering would likely to be hit hardest.

Restrictions for new EU citizen arrivals post official Brexit

As it stands, most EU citizens already in the UK should (in theory) have a safe immigration status, however, it is highly likely that post the UK officially leaving the European Union, which is not likely to happen until at least the 1st January 2019, new EU citizens would be faced with restrictions on living and working in the UK.

What we recommend for EU citizens

From now on, we recommend that all EU citizens thinking of living in the UK post-Brexit, hold paper based evidence of their immigration status in the UK. At the moment, EU nationals can work in the UK by showing evidence of their original passport or EU identity card. Depending on how long EU nationals have resided in the UK, it is now highly recommended that they either apply for a permanent residency document (if they have been a qualified person for at least 5 continuous years in the UK), or a residency certificate.

Numerous EU citizens will be caught out with the fact that they did not take out comprehensive sickness insurance at a time when they were either a self-sufficient person, a work-seeker or student.

In a nutshell, we advise individuals to keep up to speed with current affairs, UK/EU negotiations and not to panic. In effect, changes will only take place after negotiations have concluded.

Good news for Tier 4 Students


On the 24th March, the Home Office responded to the Migration Advisory Committee recommendations and it’s good news for students.

Tier 4 students switching into Tier 2 (General) will not be faced with a Resident Labour Market Test (RLMT) or subject to a cap on numbers. There is no doubt that we will not only see universities breathe a sigh of relief, but also the students themselves who already pay thousands of pounds per annum to study in the United Kingdom. The government also aims to keep the minimum threshold for new entrants to £20,800.

If many people awaiting the Home Office response to the MAC recommendations were not surprised enough, Tier 2 (General) applicants will not face immediate hikes in salary thresholds with minimum thresholds being phased in slowly between autumn of this year and April 2017. In autumn 2016, the minimum salary threshold will be £25,000, increasing to £30,000 in April 2017.

According to the Home Office, various education and health professionals will even be exempt from the higher threshold altogether until July 2019, a welcome break for numerous employers and applicants.

It is clear that the government is placing emphasis on the need for healthcare professionals who there is currently a shortage of. Nurses will continue to be on the Shortage Occupation List, however, employers will need to ensure that a RLMT is carried out prior to recruiting non-EEA nurses once the rules are implemented.

Tier 2 (ICT) will also face some changes in an attempt to streamline the process into a single visa category, requiring a minimum salary threshold of £41,500 – excluding graduate trainees.

Whilst it was predicted that an Immigration Skills Charge of £1,000 per applicant per annum would take effect as of the 6th April 2016, the Home Office have announced that this will be introduced in April 2017. There will also be a lower rate for small sponsors, at £364 per annum and an exemption for Tier 2 (ICT) Graduate Trainees, PhD occupations, and Tier 4 students switching into Tier 2.

Migrate UK Managing Director, Jonathan Beech, says that “I’m sure that many people (including myself) have been taken by surprise to see that the Home Office will only implement a few of the MAC recommendations, giving sponsors and applicants a grace period to submit prior to April 2017, when we will see some of the largest changes introduced.”

ONS Release of Migration Statistics, February 2016


The Office for National Statistics (ONS) have just released their quarterly report of migration statistics. Here is a summary of our findings.

  • From the year ending September 2014, Immigration increased by 2000.
  • From the year ending September 2014, emigration was down 29,000.
  • In the year ending September 2015, net migration saw a decrease of 13,000, as opposed to the greatest level of 336,000 (released year ending June 2015).
  • Immigration of EU citizens in year ending September 2015 was 257,000, in comparison to 246,000 in year ending September 2014. This was not statistically significant, however, it is too early to tell whether there will be a flood of EU immigration closer to the time of the referendum in June. These next few months will become a very important watching period now that ‘BREXIT’ is very much on the agenda. We could see an increase in EEA nationals entering the UK as a result.
  • Despite the steady, statistically insignificant increase of EEA immigration, there has been a statistically significant increase in EU2 (Bulgaria and Romania) immigration, which was up 15,000 in year ending September 2015 compared to the previous year.
  • In year ending September 2015, out of the 45,000 EU2 citizens coming to the UK, roughly two thirds entered the UK with a certain job offer, which is reassuring from a point of view that the UK economy appears to be in good health. This may have been a concern for anti-EU supporters if the majority were job seekers.
  • Nonetheless, non-EU immigration saw a decrease from 289,000 to 273,000 between Septembers 2014-15.
  • Work visas granted to skilled non-EU (main applicants) only increased by 4% to 54,383. It is important that the government is still valuing shortage-skill non-EU immigration which is vital for many companies, particularly within sciences and technology.

Due to the rapidly changing landscape of current affairs, it would be interesting to see what the statistics are now since the release of the Migration Advisory Committee recommendations and announcement of an early referendum.

Australians and New Zealanders to be faced with Immigration Health Surcharge


Today, the Home Office unexpectedly announced that the Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS), a mandatory payment for most non-EEA applicants entering the UK for more than 6 months, will also be extended to citizens of Australia and New Zealand as of April 6th 2016.

Nationals from Australia and New Zealand will be required to pay a surcharge of £200 per annum regardless of whether they are fresh applicants or extending their stay from within the UK.

With the introduction of the IHS in April 2015, the government declared that citizens of both Australia and New Zealand would be exempt from paying towards the NHS but in a turn of tides, this will no longer be the case.

The IHS has already raked in over £100 million, which the UK government says will contribute to public services.

Managing Director, Jonathan Beech says that “The government’s recent announcement hasn’t stated whether Tier 2 (ICT) applicants will be exempt from paying the IHS. This points towards the fact that the Migration Advisory Committee’s recommendations to introduce the IHS for Tier 2 (ICT) applicants seems to be likely.”

Applicants under the Tier 5 Youth Mobility Scheme, will face a £50 reduction in IHS payments, bringing their contribution down to the same total paid by students.